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Statistical Communiqué of Anhui on the 2017 National Economic and Social Development

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Statistical Communiqué of Anhui on the 2017 National Economic and Social Development1

Anhui Provincial Bureau of Statistics    NBS Survey Office in Anhui

March 8, 2017

In 2017, under the leadership of Anhui Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China and the provincial government, guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, we have implemented all principles of the 18th and 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, upheld the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability and proactively practiced the new development philosophy. We have carried out the Action Plan for Innovative, Coordinated, Green, Open and Sharing Development in an all-around way. Pioneering to overcome difficulties and push ahead, we have maintained the stable and sound economic development and social harmony and stability, and taken solid steps in the construction of modern better Anhui with innovative, coordinated, green, open and sharing development.

I. General Outlook

By the end of 2017, the total number of registered population in Anhui had reached 70.592 million, increasing by 322 thousand over last year. The number of permanent residents was 62.548 million, an increase of 593 thousand. Urban permanent residents accounted for 53.5 percent, up by 1.5 percentage points over the previous year. The crude birth rate was 14.07 per thousand, up by 1.05 per thousand points; the crude death rate 5.9 per thousand, down by 0.06 per thousand points and the natural growth rate 8.17 per thousand, up by 1.11 per thousand points.

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According to preliminary accounting, the gross domestic product (GDP) 2 of the province in 2017 was 2,751.87 billion yuan, up by 8.5 percent over the previous year at comparable price. By different economic sectors, the value added of the primary industry was 261.17 billion yuan, up by 4 percent; that of the secondary industry was 1,348.66 billion yuan, up by 8.6 percent; and that of the tertiary industry was 1,142.04 billion yuan, growing by 9.7 percent. The ratio of the three economic sectors was adjusted from 10.5:48.4:41.1 to 9.5:49.41.5. The industrial value added accounted for 41.8 percent of the GDP. The overall labor productivity3 was 62,975 yuan per capita, increasing by 6,889 yuan per capita over the previous year. The per capita GDP was 44,206 yuan (6,547 US dollars), up by 4,645 yuan.

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At the end of 2017, the number of employed people in Anhui was 43.779 million, increasing by 163 thousand over the previous year. Of the total, 13.633 million were employed in the primary sector, down by 202 thousand, 12.595 million in the secondary sector, up by 140 thousand and 17.551 million in the tertiary industry, up by 225 thousand. The number of working staff in urban and rural private enterprises and individual laborers was 12.327 million, up by 1.765 million. News jobs were offered to 682 thousand urban laborers, and 214 thousand for the reemployment. The registered urban unemployment rate was 2.88 percent at the year end, down by 0.32 percentage points over the previous year. The total number of migrant workers across the province was 19.181 million, of which, 14.154 worked out of the province.

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The consumer prices in 2017 went up by 1.2 percent over the previous year. The prices for food, tobaccos and liquor decreased by 1.1 percent, and those for retail goods rose by 1.7 percent. The producer prices went down by 1.5 percent and the purchasing prices for manufactured goods went down by 1.6 percent. The prices for investment in fixed assets dropped by 0.8 percent. The producer prices for farm products decreased by 0.6 percent.

 II. Agriculture

In 2017, the sown area of grain was 6.6425 million hectares, a drop of 2.1 thousand hectares compared with that in 2016; the sown area of oil-bearing crops was 698.3 thousand hectares, a decrease of 32.8 thousand hectares; the sown area of cotton was 147 thousand hectares, a decrease of 36.4 thousand hectares; and the sown area of vegetables was 945.1 thousand hectares, an increase of 24.9 thousand hectares.

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The total output of grain in 2017 was 34.76 million tons, an increase of 586 thousand tons, or rising by 1.7 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the output of summer crops was 13.953 million tons, an increase of 76 thousand tons or up by 0.55 percent; that of autumn grain was 19.841 million tons, an increase of 52 thousand tons or growing by 2.69 percent. The output of oil-bearing crops was 2.084 million tons, decreasing by 3 percent and that of cotton was 143 thousand tons, down by 22.7 percent. 

At the end of 2017, 14.172 million pigs were registered in the total stocks, down by 3.5 percent over the previous year. 28.289 million pigs were slaughtered, down by 1.6 percent. The total output of meat reached 3.963 million tons, down by 1.6 percent, of which, that of pork, beef and mutton was 2.673 million tons, down by 1.1 percent. The total output of eggs was 1.462 million tons, an increase of 4.8 percent. The production of milk was 319 thousand tons, down by 2.3 percent. The output of aquatic products was 2.4 million tons, up by 1.8 percent.

By the end of 2017, the total power of agricultural machinery had been 63.129 million kilowatts, a drop of 8.1 percent over the previous year. The number of farming tractors was 2.331 million, down by 0.4 percent. The whole year consumption of fertilizer (converted to pure amount) was 3.187 million tons, down by 2.5 percent. Electricity consumption in rural areas amounted to 17.13 billion kilowatts, an increase of 6 percent. The effective irrigation area was 4.4838 million hectares, an increase of 46.3 thousand hectares, and a new increase of 40.2 thousand hectares of water-saving irrigation areas.

III. Industry and Construction

By the end of 2017, the industrial enterprises above the designated size6 had amounted to 20,449, having a net increase of 1,067 over the previous year. The value added of industrial enterprises above the designated size increased by 9 percent over the previous year, of which, that of the state-owned and state-holding enterprises grew by 9.1 percent, that of the share-holding enterprises went up by 9.1 percent and that of the enterprises by foreign investors and investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan grew by 8.5 percent. In terms of sectors, the value added of the mining industry grew by 0.5 percent, that of manufacturing up 9.5 percent and that of the production and supply of electricity, heat power, gas and water rose by 9.2 percent.

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Of the industrial enterprises above designated size, the value added of 34 out of the 40 industries continued to increase. The  value added for manufacture of computers, communication equipment and other electronic equipment was up by 15.1 percent; for ferrous metals mining and dressing down by 10.1 percent; for smelting and pressing of the non-ferrous metals up by 3 percent; for manufacture of automobiles up by 9.8 percent; for manufacture of general purpose machinery up by 9.2 percent; for smelting and pressing of the non-ferrous metals down by 1 percent; for textile, garments and accessories up by 2.3 percent; for manufacture of raw chemical materials and chemical products up by 10.4 percent; for manufacture of non-metallic mineral products up by 6.7 percent; for manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus up by 13.5 percent; for the production and supply of electricity and heat power up by 9.2 percent; for  processing of food from agricultural and sideline products  up by 4.8 percent; and for coal mining and dressing by 5 percent. The growth of the value added for the major six leading industries was 9.5 percent; that of the manufacturing of equipment was 13.4 percent; high and new technology industries 16.3 percent. The output value of strategic emerging industries grew by 21.4 percent, and the gross output of 24 bases for the concentrated development of strategic emerging industries went up by 23.1 percent.

Among major products of industrial enterprises above the designated size, the output of electricity, crude steel, rolled steel, cement, color TV sets, household washing machines, household refrigerators and room air conditioner grew by 8.8 percent, 5.6 percent, 2.4 percent, 7.3 percent, 34.3 percent, 2.3 percent, 10.4 percent and 21.8 percent respectively; that of coal and automobile dropped by 4.4 percent and 28 percent respectively. Of new products, the output of new energy cars, lithium batteries, industrial robots, and optical fiber increased by 38.5 percent, 129 percent, 33.2 percent and 34.3 percent, while that of SUVs decreased by 15.5.

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The profits made by the industrial enterprises above the designated size in 2017 were 228.53 billion yuan, an increase of 19.7 percent. Of this total, the profits of state-holding enterprises were down by 9.2 percent; those of share-holding enterprises up by 22.5 percent; those of the enterprises by foreign investors and investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan up by 7.9 percent; those of middle and small-sized enterprises up by 8.8 percent, and those of private enterprises by 10.9 percent. Profits made in fifteen industries, including manufacture of non-metallic mineral products, smelting and pressing of non-ferrous metals, coal mining and dressing,  manufacture of computers, communication equipment and other electronic equipment, manufacture of raw chemical materials and chemical products, manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment, manufacture of special purpose machinery, manufacture of rubber and plastic products, pharmaceutical industry, manufacture of liquor, beverage and refined tea,  manufacture of metal products, manufacture of automobiles,     processing of food from agricultural products, manufacture of general purpose machinery and production and supply of electric power and heat power were all over 5 billion yuan, and their accumulated profits reached 182.93 billion yuan, up by 21.1 percent, and accounting for 80 percent of those made by industrial enterprises above the designated size.

By the end of 2017, the number of construction enterprises qualified for general contracts and specialized contracted had reached 3,216, an increase of 179 over the previous year. The floor space of housing construction was 427.113 million square meters, up by 25.849 million square meters; that of completed housing construction was 149.812 million square meters, up by 3.906 million square meters.

 IV. Investment in Fixed Assets

The total investment in fixed assets7 of the province in 2017 was 2,918.6 billion yuan, up by 11 percent over the previous year on a comparable basis. Of the total investment, the investment in the technical transformation in industry was 735.29 billion yuan, up by 18 percent; that in infrastructure 653.49 billion yuan, up by 24.2 percent; and the private investment 1,923.34 billion yuan, up by 7.1 percent. By regions, the investment in Wanjiang Urban Belt Demonstration Zone Undertaking Industry Relocation totaled 1,968.94 billion yuan, increasing by 9.5 percent; that in the six cities of northern Anhui was 809.29 billion yuan, up by 15.4 percent. In terms of economic sectors, the investment in the primary sector dropped by 4.6 percent, and that in the secondary sector and the tertiary sector grew by 12 percent and 11percent respectively. By industries, the investment in industry rose by 12.7 percent, of which, that of manufacturing went up by 11.5 percent and that of the manufacture of equipment was up by 13.8 percent. The investment in the major six high energy consuming industries increased by 14.4 percent.

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In 2017, the investment in real estate development was 561.25 billion yuan, up by 21.9 percent over the previous year. Sale area of commercial buildings was 92.007 million square meters, up by 8.2 percent; the sales totaled 586.58 billion yuan, up by 16.5 percent. At the end of the year, the floor space of the commercial buildings for sale was 20.213 million square meters, down by 15.8 percent.

A total of 5,516 projects with the investment over 100 billion yuan was scheduled in 2017, and the actual investment reached 1,431.82 billion yuan.2,691 projects were newly started, including the Manufacture Base of Hefei Changxin for 12-inch Wafer Storage, the Core Area of Hefei Quantum Information and Quantum Technology Innovation and Research Institute, Jianghuai-Volkswagen New Energy Vehicle and the Anhui section of Anqing-Jiujiang Passenger Rail Line. The 1,698 projects completed include the first phase of Hefei Whirlpool Industry Park, Gree Precision Casting Factory in Sanshan District of Wuhu, Hefei Metro Line 2, and the Second Yangtze River Highway Bridge of Wuhu.

At the end of 2017, the coal production capacity reached 143.01 million tons. The installed capacity of electricity had been 64.684 million kilowatts, of which, the electricity produced by coal was 47.597 million kilowatts, and that by new energy and renewable energy was 15.34 million kilowatts.

 V. Domestic Trade

In 2017, the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 1,119.26 billion yuan, a growth of 11.9 percent over the previous year, or a real growth of 10 percent after deducting price factors. An analysis on different areas showed that the retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 900.94 billion yuan, up by 11.7 percent and that in rural areas reached 218.32 billion yuan, up by 13 percent. Grouped by consumption patterns, the retail sales of commodities was 996.74 billion yuan, up by 11.8 percent, and that of catering industry was 122.52 billion yuan, up by 12.6 percent. The online retail sales of 369 enterprises above designated size engaged in online retail business which are taken into account reached 31.4 billion yuan, up by 39.4 percent.

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Of the total retail sales of commodities by enterprises above designated size, the year-on-year growth of sales for food, clothing and daily use was 14.4 percent, 9.6 percent and 11.7 percent, that for grain and oil 10.7 percent, for meat, poultry and eggs 12.9 percent, for clothes 10.9 percent, for daily necessities 12.5 percent, for traditional Chinese and western medicines 8.8 percent, for household appliances and audio-video equipment 13.6 percent, for furniture 23.1 percent, for telecommunication equipment 7.9 percent,  for building and decoration materials 9.9 percent, for motor vehicles 7.8 percent and for petroleum and petroleum products 17.1 percent.

VI.  Foreign Economic Relations

The total import-export volume in 2017 reached 53.64 billion US dollars, up by 20.8 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the value of goods exported was 30.48 billion US dollars, up by 7.2 percent; and the value of goods imported was 23.16 billion US dollars, up by 45 percent. Grouped by export businesses, exports of manufacturing enterprises increased by 8.8 percent, and those of trading enterprises decreased by 8.5 percent. Viewed by export commodities, the export sales of mechanical and electronic products and high & new-tech products rose by 10.1 percent and 27.1 percent respectively.

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In 2017, the number of projects with the investment over 100 million yuan by outside investors amounted to 5,482, with the actual paid-in fund this year reaching 1,095.48 billion yuan, up by 10.6 percent over the previous year. The newly established foreign-investment projects were 338, up by 26.6 percent; contracted foreign capital was 9.06 billion US dollars, up by 120.1percent; foreign investment in actual use 15.9 billion US dollars, up by 7.6 percent. At the end of 2017, the number of top 500 foreign enterprises setting up enterprises in Anhui grew by 7, from 73 to 80.

In 2017, the newly–signed contract value of contracted overseas engineering projects was 5.25 billion US dollars, up by 70.8 percent over the previous year; the accomplished business revenue was 3.48 billion US dollars, up by 12.5 percent. The number of labor forces sent abroad was 11,648, up by 16 percent. 75 enterprises (agencies) from Anhui were newly established in foreign countries with the actual outward investment of 0.93 billion US dollars, down by 25 percent. Among the investment, Anhui investors invested 89.61 million US dollars in countries along the Belt and Road, up by 21.9 percent.

VII. Transportation, Post, Telecommunications and Tourism

In 2017, the total passenger traffic was 690 million persons, down by 14.8 percent over the previous year, and the freight traffic was 4.03 billion tons, up by 10 percent. The passenger flows were 119.65 billion person-kilometers, down by 3 percent, and the freight flows were 1,141.45 billion ton-kilometers, up by 4.9 percent. The volume of freight handled by ports throughout the year totaled 510 million tons, down by 1.3 percent. The number of passengers handled by civil aviation airports in Anhui was 9.147 million person-times, up by 25.1 percent, of which that handled by Hefei Xinqiao International Airport was 9.147 million person-times, up by 23.7 percent.

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The total number of motor vehicles for civilian use had reached 7.161 million by the end of 2017, up by 19.7 percent, of which private-owned vehicles numbered 6.178 million, up 21.7 percent. The total number of cars for civilian use stood at 4.03 million, up 18.2 percent, of which private-owned cars numbered 3.791 million, up by 19.1 percent.

In 2017, the mileage of newly completed expressway, first-class highway and railroad lines in service were 130 km, 318 km and 22.4 km respectively.By the end of the year, the total length of expressway, first-class highway and railroad lines opened to traffic had reached 4,673 km, 4,151 km and 4,146.8 km respectively, of which that of the high speed railroad lines in service had been 1,379.1 km.

The turnover of telecommunication services8 totaled 83.23 billion yuan in 2017, up by 70.5 percent over the previous year; and that of post services 8.305 billion yuan, up 54 percent. The number of express delivery reached 863 million, and the revenue from express delivery reached 8.957 billion yuan, increasing by 25.3 percent and 26.9 percent over the previous year respectively.

By the end of 2017, local fixed telephone subscribers had numbered 5.514 million, down by 625 thousand, while mobile phone users reached 49.994 million, up by 5.729 million. For every 100 persons, the phone possession (including mobile phones) was 89.6 sets, up by 7.6 sets. There had been 13.237 million internet service users of basic telecom enterprises by the end of 2017, up by 2.486 million users. 

The year 2017 saw 5.492 million inbound visitors to Anhui, a year-on-year increase of 13.1 percent, of which, 3.21 million were foreigners, up by 13.4 percent; 2.282 million were Chinese compatriots from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, up by 12.6 percent. The number of domestic tourists totaled 626 million, up by 25.6 percent. The revenue from tourism totaled 619.69 billion yuan, up by 25.6 percent. Of this total, foreign exchange earnings from tourism topped 2.88 billion US Dollars, up by 13.3 percent, and the revenue from domestic tourism totaled 600.24 billion yuan, up by 26 percent. By the end of 2017, there had been 566 tourists spots at Grade A level or above in Anhui. The tourist revenue earned by Wannan International Tourism and Culture Demonstration Zone totaled 325.24 billion yuan, up by 25.4 percent.

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VIII. Financial Intermediation

The fiscal revenue totaled 485.8 billion yuan in 2017, up by 11.1 percent over the previous year. Of the total, local revenue was 281.2 billion yuan, up by 7.9 percent. Of the total fiscal revenue, tax revenue reached 394.9 billion yuan, increasing by 12.9 percent: value-added tax and business tax increased by 9.5 percent, enterprise income tax was up by 18.4 percent. Fiscal expenditures were 620.4 billion yuan, up by 12.3 percent, of which the expenditures for people’s livelihood were 528 billion yuan, accounting for 85.1 percent of the fiscal expenditures. In terms of major items of expenditure, the expenditures for social security and employment went up by 13.3 percent, for urban and rural community affairs up by 51.5 percent, for science and technology up by 0.4 percent, for education by 11.4 percent. A total of 94.06 billion yuan was invested in 33 livelihood projects.

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In 2017, the total financing reached 703.83 billion yuan, increasing by 75.5 billion yuan or up by 12 percent over 2016. Savings deposit in Renminbi in all items of financial institutions totaled 4,560.89 billion yuan at the end of 2017, an increase of 475.27 billion yuan or 11.6 percent. Of this total, the saving deposit of institutions was 1,420.22 billion yuan, up by 9.9 percent; household saving deposits 2,053.82 billion yuan, up by 8.9 percent. Loans in Renminbi in all items of financial institutions reached 3,448.12 billion yuan, an increase of 430.05 billion yuan or 14.3 percent over the previous year. Of this total, short-term loans stood at 991.35 billion yuan, up by 8.2 percent; medium and long-term loans 2,243.17 billion yuan, up by 21.5 percent, of which personal loans were 1,035.6 billion yuan, up by 24.3 percent.

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Funds raised in 2017 by enterprises through issuing stocks and share rights on stock market amounted to 53.96 billion yuan, a decrease of 49.62 billion yuan compared with the previous year. Of this total, 9 A-shares were issued, receiving 5 billion yuan worth of capital altogether; the refinancing of A-shares (including rationing shares, public newly issued, nonpublic newly issued and warrants) received 42.24 billion yuan; the listed companies financed 6.72 billion yuan through convertible bonds, bonds with attached warrants, corporate bonds and other bonds. By the end of 2017, there had been 102 listed companies in Anhui with the total market value of 1,350.42 billion yuan, up by 27.5 percent over the previous year.

In 2017, 58.19 billion yuan short-term financing bonds were issued.

The transaction volume of domestic security agents in Anhui amounted to 5,030.57 billion yuan, and that of time bargains was 15,310 billion yuan.

The premium received by the insurance companies totaled 110.72 billion yuan in 2017, up by 26.4 percent over the previous year. Of this total, property insurance premium amounted to 36.63 billion yuan, up by 17.1 percent, and life insurance premium 74.09 billion yuan, up by 31.5 percent. Insurance companies paid an indemnity worth of 39.77 billion yuan, up by 11.2 percent, of which, property insurance indemnity was 18.7 billion yuan, up by 6.8 percent, and life insurance indemnity 21.07 billion yuan, up by 15.5 percent.

IX. Living Conditions and Social Security

In 2017, the annual per capita disposable income of the permanent residents in Anhui was 21,863, increasing by 9.3 percent over the previous year, or a real increase of 8 percent after deducting price factors. The annual per capita disposable income of urban residents was 31,640 yuan, up by 8.5 percent or a real increase of 7.1 percent after deducting price factors. The per capita consumption expenditure was 20,740 yuan, up by 5.8 percent, of which, expenditure for food, tobacco and alcohol rose by 4.4 percent, for clothing by 3.6 percent, for housing by 7.7 percent, for household facilities, articles and service by 8.6 percent, for transportation and communication by 6 percent, for education, culture and entertainment services by 6.2 percent and for health care by 0.4 percent. The Engel’s coefficient of urban households was 32.1 percent, down by 0.4 percentage points. The per capita floor space of urban households was 37.4 square meters, up by 0.5 square meters over the previous year.

In 2017, the annual per capita disposable income of rural residents was 12,758 yuan, up by 8.9 percent over the previous year, or a real increase of 7.7 percent after deducting price factors. Per capital living expenditure was 11,106 yuan, up by 8 percent, of which, the expenditure for food, tobacco and alcohol was up by 5.8 percent, for clothing up by 5 percent, for housing up by 16.5 percent, for household facilities, articles and service down by 8.4 percent, for transportation and communication up by 5.5 percent, for education, culture, entertainment articles and services up by 13.3 percent and for health care by 8 percent. The Engel’s coefficient of rural households was 33.5 percent, down by 0.7 percentage points over the previous year. The per capita floor space of rural households was 50.7 square meters, up by 1.4 square meters over the previous year.

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Figure 12: Per Capita Consumption Composition in Anhui 2017

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At the end of 2017, a total of 10.7839 million and 21.0749 million people participated in urban pension program for staff and workers and urban basic health insurance program respectively. 4.7241 million people participated in unemployment insurance program and 159 thousand people received unemployment insurance payment of different terms. A total of 5.6555 million people and 5.5373 million people participated in work accident insurance and maternity insurance respectively. 34.2946 million people participated in social pension insurance program for urban and rural residents. In rural areas, a total of 46.537 million people, accounting for 103.07 percent of the rural population, joined new rural cooperative medical system9.

The year of 2017 saw 479 thousand urban residents and 1.555 million rural residents receiving government subsistence allowances, and 398 thousand rural residents receiving five-guarantees supporting. The provincial civil affairs authorities offered direct assistance for 1.93 million person times, and 4.85 million people were subsidized to join the basic medical insurance program.

X. Education, Science & Technology and Culture

By the end of 2017, institutions offering postgraduate programs totaled 21 with 57,761 students enrolled. There were 109 institutions of higher education, and the general tertiary education enrollment was 1.147 million. The gross enrollment rate of higher education was 47.7 percent. 761 thousand students studied in 359 secondary vocational schools (technician training schools excluded) There were 1.085 million students in 662 senior secondary schools with the gross enrollment rate of 90.5 percent, 2.022 million students in 2,810 junior secondary schools with the enrollment rate of 99.96 percent and 4.405 million pupils in 8,108 elementary schools with the enrollment rate of 99.99 percent. Graduates from adult educational institutions8 numbered 400 thousand.

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There had been altogether 2.284 million technicians of all categories by the end of 2017, up by 1.7 percent over the previous year. Of 5,360 research institutions of science and technology, there were 1,348 ones established by large and medium enterprises. 220 thousand professionals were engaged in scientific work. The amount of expenditures on research and development activities (R&D) was 54.2 billion yuan in 2017, up by 14.1 percent, accounting for 1.97 percent of the provincial GDP.

There were 5 national great science programs, 25 state key (engineering) labs, 133 provincial (key) labs, 739 engineering (technical) research centers above provincial level with 39 state-level centers and 20 high & new technology industrial development zones, including 5 state-level ones. There were 4,310 new and high-tech enterprises with 924 ones newly recognized.

In 2017, achievements of science and technology above provincial level were made in 377 projects, including the structure-property relationship and reaction regularity of organic compounds, fire safety design and flame-retardant mechanism of polymer/layered inorganic compounds nanocomposite and the key technology and application of lightweight design and manufacture of heavy pressure vessels. 175,871 patent applications were accepted in 2017 and 58,213 patents were authorized, up by 1.9 percent and down by 4.5 percent respectively. By the end of the year 2017, the number of patents in force had been 47,734. The turnover of export technical contracts was 24.96 billion yuan, up by 14.8 percent, while that of the import technical contracts was 27.07 billion yuan, up by 34.7 percent.

By the end of 2017, there had been 1,179 qualified inspection agencies, including 25 state inspection centers. There was 32 organization for product quality and management system certification (branch office in Anhui included), and the number of enterprises completing compulsory certification was 1,776. A total of 91 authorized measurement institutions enforced compulsory inspection on 3.0594 million measurement instruments in 2017. 12 international standard, 2,038 national standards and 2,326 local standards had been developed or revised by the end of 2017. There were 72 geographical indication products at state level and 1,579 Anhui-famous brand products.

In 2017, the Mapping and Archives Museum of Anhui Province provided the public with 27,223 maps of varied scales, 1,949 survey-mapping data, aerospace remotely sensed data of land covering 576,000 square kilometers and 14,006 GB data, produced or updated 33,977 national basic scale topographic maps, monitored geographical conditions of land of 153,639 square kilometers and updated 1,846 GB data on “Map World Anhui”.

By the end of 2017, there had been 121 culture centers, 123 public libraries, 171 museums (private-run museums included) and 1,438 community or township multi-use cultural stations in Anhui. There were 130 national key cultural relics protection sites with two sites combined and 708 provincial key cultural relics protection sites. 72 intangible cultural heritages were included in the state list and 478 in the provincial list. There were 79 broadcasting and TV stations across the province at the end of 2017. There were 24 medium wave launchers and relay stations. The radio broadcasting coverage rates were 99.04 percent. There were 8.0989 million CATV subscribers and the TV broadcasting coverage rates were 99.19 percent. In 2017, the number of newspaper, periodicals and books issued or published totaled 98, 180 and 10,604 varieties, and a total of 721 million copies of newspaper and 45 million copies of magazines were issued, and 282 million copies of books were published. There were 139 national archives with 28.5855 million rolls of archives collected, the floor space of which amounted to 399.4 thousand square meters.

XI. Public Health, Sports and Social Services

By the end of 2017, there were 24,484 medical and health institutions in Anhui with 1,095 general hospitals, 22,626 grass-root medical and health organizations and 668 professional public health agencies10 and 95 other health agencies. Among grass-root medical and health organization, there were 1,368 health centers, 1,882 community health service centers and 15,331 village clinics; among professional public health agencies, there were 121 epidemic disease prevention centers, 48 special disease prevention and care centers (stations), 118 maternal and child care centers and 113 health monitoring institutions. There were 313 thousand health workers in Anhui, including 120 thousand (assistant) practicing doctors and 138 thousand registered nurses. There were 41 thousand doctors and health workers in rural areas. The medical and health institutions in Anhui possessed 305 thousand beds, of which general hospitals and health centers had 290 thousand beds. In 2017, the medical and health institutions treated 280 million person-times in total.

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In 2017, athletes of Anhui won altogether 38 gold medals, 38 silver medals and 51 copper medals at international and domestic games. On the 13th Chinese National Games, Anhui athletes won 7 gold medals, 15 silver medals and 11 copper medals, with better performance that that of last national games. Activities with the theme of "Full Fitness, Healthy Anhui" developed vigorously. 2,508 mass physical activities (over 100 persons) were held in the year, and the number of participants totaled 3.05 million person-times. The per capita sports venue area was 1.47 square meters. The sales value of sports lottery reached 6.037 billion yuan in 2017.

By the end of 2017, there had been 1,531 social service agencies providing accommodation with 197 thousand beds, adopting 99 thousand people. There were 7,999 community service institutions with no accommodation. Of this total, there were 1,173 community service centers and 3,023 community service stations. The sales value of welfare lottery totaled 7.406 billion yuan and social welfare funds collected reached 2.085 billion yuan.

XII. Resources, Environment and Work Safety

There were 128 kinds of mineral resources (or 161 kinds with minor mineral resources included) discovered in Anhui, and 124 mineral resources (minor ones included) with definite amount of reserves, including 6 energy species, 23 metal species, 93 nonmetal species and 2 hydro sphere species. In 2017, the geologic investigation institutions carried out 8 research projects at provincial level. Another 8 large and medium size mines with definite resources reserves were newly discovered.

By the end of 2017, there had been 87 environment supervision institutions at provincial, city and county levels in Anhui. The average ratio of days of fairly good air quality in the 16 cities of the province was 66.7 percent, down by 7.6 percentage points over the previous year; the air quality of 1 city met grade-two of the national standard. The average PM10 concentration across the province was 88 mcg per cubic meter. The task assigned by the Action Plan for Air Pollution Prevention and Control at the first phase was fulfilled successfully.  8 national-level, 30 provincial-level and 66 city-and county-level natural protection and reservation districts had been set up. The newly-added area of manpower forestation was 56.9 thousand hectares, and that of forest totaled 3,958.5 thousand hectares. The total stumpage amount was 26.1451 million cubic meters, and that of forests was 22.1866 million cubic meters.

The energy consumption in 2017 totaled 130.519 million tons of SCE, up by 2.8 percent over the previous year. The electric power consumption went up by 7.1 percent, and per unit GDP energy consumption dropped by 5.3 percent.

Water quality of the Huaihe River flowing through Anhui was better, mainly at Grade III level, and that of its main tributaries was lightly polluted. Water quality of the Yangtze River through Anhui was better, mainly at Grade II level, and that of its main tributaries was good. The Chaohu Lake was moderately polluted, and 9 major branches surrounding the lake were moderately polluted. The Xi’an River and its branches were of excellent quality. The quality of 95.5 percent of urban centralized drinking water source met the standard.

The death toll from work accidents every 100 million yuan worth of GDP was 0.06 persons, a decline of 12.5 percent. Work accidents in industrial, mining and commercial enterprises caused 0.982 death out of every 100 thousand employees, down by 0.5 percent. The death toll for one million tons of coal production in coalmines was 0.051, down by 30 percent. There happened 11,454 road traffic accidents and 9,467 fire disasters in Anhui in 2016.

 

Note:

1 All figures in this Communiqué are preliminary statistics.

2 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and value added as quoted in this 3 Communiqué are calculated at current process, whereas their growth rates are at comparable prices.

4 The overall labor productivity refers to the ratio between the GDP (at current price) and the annual average number of persons employed.

5 According to the classification of National Bureau of Statistics of China on three economic sectors and trades, the primary sector refers to farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery (services of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery excluded); the secondary sector refers to industry and construction (mining auxiliary activities, mental products manufacture, machine and equipment repair industry excluded); and the tertiary sector refers to trades out of the primary and secondary sector.

6 The expenditures on R&D activities were not included in data collected before 2015.

7 According to the reform of national statistical system in 2011, industrial enterprises above designated size include those with the main business income over 20 million yuan and fixed-asset investment projects cover those with total investment over 5 million yuan.

8 The turnover of telecommunication services is calculated at constant prices of 2015, so it not comparable to that of the previous year.

9 Since the integrated urban-rural medical insurance has been adopted in Lu’an, the number of residents participating in the new-type rural cooperative medical system across the province decreased.

10 The number of medical and health institutions dropped because of the combination of family planning offices and health centers at the township level and that of family planning stations and maternal care offices at the county level.