Concerning Rural Reform—Xi Urges Anhui to Be the Pioneer of Reform
Xiaogang Village of Fengyang County is the birthplace of China’s move toward widespread rural reform. In the winter of 1978, some farmers in Xiaogang village signed a secret agreement to divide communally owned farmland into individual pieces called household contracts, thus inadvertently lighting the torch for China’s rural revolution. Today how Xiaogang develops attracts Xi Jinping’s attention.
On the afternoon of April 25, Xi walks in the wheat fields and visits farmers’ homes. Standing in a courtyard named, “the farm in the past”, Xi listens to the farmers’ account of how 18 villagers signed a contract of household responsibility with red hand-prints, which heralded the land contract reform in rural areas.
Next to “the farm in the past” is Villager Wu Guangli’s beautiful and spacious home. Wu cannot believe his eyes when he sees Xi Jinping walking in the doorway, ”Am I dreaming?” Not until he holds General Secretary’s hand does he come to himself.
Xi Jinping asks him, “How much does it cost to build this house?”
Wu answers, “More than one hundred thousand Yuan.”
General Secretary praises their happy life.
Xi Jinping presides over a symposium on rural reform in Xiaogang Village. President Xi Jinping has called for more to be done to advance rural reform to ensure that measures result in a solid agricultural sector and improve the well-being of farmers. Xi calls the system “an important corner stone” for the CPC’s rural policy. There have been great changes in the countryside since the fledgling days of reform and opening up in China. Farmers now have brighter prospects. Thanks to socialism with Chinese characteristics, Xi says.
Xi underscores the important role that agriculture, farmers and the countryside play—as they are integral to the country’s modernization and to the goal of building a moderately prosperous society. The core of deepening rural reform is upholding and improving the basic rural operation system, sticking to collective ownership of rural land, adhering to the fundamental status of household management in agriculture, and insisting on keeping land-contracted relationship stable, says Xi.
He calls for more pilot programs that explore contracted rural land-use rights, noting that the separation of contract rights and operation rights had been a milestone in rural reform. The key to the program is to respect the wishes of farmers, protect their rights and interests, and ensure grain production, Xi says.
Xi explains that developing modern agriculture, increasing farmers’ income and building a new socialist countryside are the three major tasks in rural development. More should be done to improve the modern agricultural industrial system, along with the production and management systems, Xi adds. Back