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Education and Science & Technology

source:www.ah.gov.cn author:Rain release date:2018/04/10 hits:594

By the end of 2017, institutions offering postgraduate programs totaled 21 with 57,761 students enrolled. There were 109 institutions of higher education, and the general tertiary education enrollment was 1.147 million. The gross enrollment rate of higher education was 47.7 percent. 761 thousand students studied in 359 secondary vocational schools (technician training schools excluded) There were 1.085 million students in 662 senior secondary schools with the gross enrollment rate of 90.5 percent, 2.022 million students in 2,810 junior secondary schools with the enrollment rate of 99.96 percent and 4.405 million pupils in 8,108 elementary schools with the enrollment rate of 99.99 percent. Graduates from adult educational institutions8 numbered 400 thousand.

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There had been altogether 2.246 million technicians of all categories by the end of 2016, up by 1.9 percent over the previous year. Of 4,817 research institutions of science and technology, there were 1,224 ones established by large and medium enterprises. 213 thousand professionals were engaged in scientific work. The amount of expenditures on research and development activities (R&D) was 47.5 billion yuan in 2016, up by 9.9 percent, accounting for 1.97 percent of the provincial GDP which rose by 0.01 percentage points over the previous year.

There had been altogether 2.284 million technicians of all categories by the end of 2017, up by 1.7 percent over the previous year. Of 5,360 research institutions of science and technology, there were 1,348 ones established by large and medium enterprises. 220 thousand professionals were engaged in scientific work. The amount of expenditures on research and development activities (R&D) was 54.2 billion yuan in 2017, up by 14.1 percent, accounting for 1.97 percent of the provincial GDP.

There were 5 national great science programs, 25 state key (engineering) labs, 133 provincial (key) labs, 739 engineering (technical) research centers above provincial level with 39 state-level centers and 20 high & new technology industrial development zones, including 5 state-level ones. There were 4,310 new and high-tech enterprises with 924 ones newly recognized.

In 2017, achievements of science and technology above provincial level were made in 377 projects, including the structure-property relationship and reaction regularity of organic compounds, fire safety design and flame-retardant mechanism of polymer/layered inorganic compounds nanocomposite and the key technology and application of lightweight design and manufacture of heavy pressure vessels. 175,871 patent applications were accepted in 2017 and 58,213 patents were authorized, up by 1.9 percent and down by 4.5 percent respectively. By the end of the year 2017, the number of patents in force had been 47,734. The turnover of export technical contracts was 24.96 billion yuan, up by 14.8 percent, while that of the import technical contracts was 27.07 billion yuan, up by 34.7 percent.

Hefei - The First Science & Technology Innovative Model City
Hefei, capital of Anhui Province, is dedicating itself to science. It boasts the largest group of scientific and technological talent in Central China. The city is actively seeking new technological industries and striving for efficient use of energy and raw materials, low pollution and high added value yields. Authorized by the central government, the construction of the city into a science and technology innovative model city is co-launched and will be guided by the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the provincial government.

Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Lying at Dongpu inland at the foot of the beautiful Shushan Lake in the western part of Hefei city, Hefei Institute of Physical Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (HIPSCAS) is one of the most important science and education centers of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It was founded in 2001 by incorporating the former four research institutions of Chinese Academy of Sciences that were Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Institute of Plasma Physics, Institute of Solid State Physics and Hefei Institute of Intelligent Machines.

HIPSCAS employs a total of more than 1,000 scientists and technicians. It offers positions to post-doctoral fellows in three different fields and its 6 programs and 18 programs respectively lead to the granting of doctoral degrees and master's degrees. The number of registered postgraduate students is 1,200. The institute has set up more than 20 well-furnished laboratories, including 9 key laboratories of provincial and ministerial level. The institute holds super-conducting machine HT-7 Tokamak and a Nuclear Fusion Research Center sponsored by the World Laboratory, and a Research Center of the Third World Academy of Science.

Since the establishment of HIPSCAS, its major research fields aim at the following eight directions: Plasma physics and Magnetic confinement fusion; Atmosphere optics; Nano-science & material physics; Environmental optics & monitoring; High magnet field science & technology; Ion-beam Bioengineering; Laser application technology; Cryogenic & super conduct magnet technology etc. Its major research program includes some important projects relating to the national projects of "973" and "863", National Natural Sciences Research Foundation, and projects authorized by CAS and Anhui Province. Its scientific achievements have won various prizes authorized by national or provincial government. Especially, the study result on HT-7 super-conducting Tokamak obtained by the Institute of Plasma Physics get significant success and won the first class prize of scientific progress of CAS. It has become one of the two important devices to process high parameters steady state plasma experiment in the world. Study and Development on High-Quality Tunable Laser Crystal Ti-doped Sapphire won the second class prize of national scientific progress.

Hefei National Synchronous Radiation Laboratory (NSRL)
Hefei National Synchronous Radiation Laboratory with Cylindrical Particle Accelerator is located in the west campus of the University of Science and Technology of China; it is the first national-level laboratory and up to now the only one of national-level that is built in a university in China.

Synchronous Radiation, as an excellent new kind of light source, can be used in many basic research fields and application research fields such as physics, chemistry, material science, life science, information science, mechanics, geoscience, medical science, medicine, agronomy, environmental protection, metrology, light carving, and super-subtle process. NSRL has built the first special synchronous radiation light source with vacuum ultraviolet radiation and soft X-ray as its main light sources, it is a national laboratory open public to users both at home and abroad. Now the registered users have reached more than 150.