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Wuhu

release date:2016/09/13 hits:3

Wuhu is located in southeast Anhui, the central geographic coordinate is 119°21' E. Longitude, 31°20' N. Latitude. With an area of 3,317 km² and a population of 2.15 million, including 0.63 million urban residents. The city has jurisdiction over 3 counties -- Wuhu, Fanchang, Nanling -- and 4 districts -- Mirror Lake, Xinwu, Matang, and Jiujiang. Since the reform and opening-up, Wuhu has maintained the high degree of openness and strong economic potentiality; it is the national opening city along the river which shares the country’s preferential policy for the coastal cities. In recent years successively it is authorized by the State Council and other National Ministries and Commissions as an experimental city for capital structure optimization, technical innovation, and new style of urban development. Moreover, it is also assigned an experiment city for State-owned enterprise reform with technical assistance from the World Bank.
 
 
 
Wuhu has a glorious history. It is an important commercial port along the Yangtze River, so since the ancient times it is a strategic target for both military and business powers. The cultural relics of Paleolithic period as well as the ancient bronze-smelting ruins prove that, in ancient times the technical efficiency of metallurgy and manufacture had been well-developed. Its textile industry in Ming Dynasty had reached a moderate scale. An old saying goes that “Weaving is prior in Songjiang (areas near the present Shanghai), and dyeing is super in Wuhu”. Wuhu in modern times was one of the four national major rice markets. In the second half of the Qing Dynasty it was made a foreign trading port and was one of the initializers of modern industry along the Yangtze River. Located in the downstream of the Yangtze River, Wuhu has the sub-tropic monsoon climate -- temperate with abundant rainfall and distinct seasons. The annual average temperature is 15 to 16 degrees Celsius and the annual average frost-free period is 219 to 240 days; the annual sunshine hour is about 2000 hours, and the annual average rainfall is 1200 to 1400 millimeter.
 
Wuhu is rich in natural resources, with favorable conditions for farming. The fertile land is preferable for rice, oil-bearing crops, cotton, and so on. The Yangtze River flows through the western boundary of the city and the Qingyi River, Shuiyang River and Zhanghe River pass through it, in addition to the Heisha Lake, Longwo Lake and Kui Lake embracing the whole area of the city; the water surface is 478 km², covering 14.4% of the total area. Its aquatic products are rich in variety, with hilsa herring, saury, crab especially well-known. The mountainous area p