Anhui Province was established in the 6th year during the reign of Emperor Kangxi, the Qing Dynasty (1667 A.D.), entitled from the abbreviation of Anqing and Huizhou. It’s known as “Wan” for short due to Wanshan Mountain in its territory and the ancient state of Wan in the Spring and Autumn Period. Anhui Province administrates 16 cities, 62 counties, 43 county-level districts and 1522 towns, with a household registered population of about 69.491 million by the end of 2015.
Anhui is located in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River and Huaihe River, the hinterland of Yangtze River Delta. It covers a land area of 140,100 square kilometers, occupying 1.45% of China’s territory, ranking the 22nd across the country. It spans across Yangtze River, Huaihe River and Xin’an River basin, known
as Jianghuai Area. Yangtze River flows through the territory of Anhui for about 400 kilometers, Huaihe River, about 430 kilometers and Xin’an River 242 kilometers. With Yangtze River and Huaihe River running across Anhui from east to west, Anhui province is divided into three natural landscapes, namely Huaibei Plain, Jianghuai Hills, and Mountainous Area in Southern Anhui. Chaohu Lake of Anhui, covering an area of 800 square kilometers, is one of the five largest freshwater lakes in China.
As one of the important birthplaces of Chinese prehistoric civilization, Anhui has cultivated Taoism Culture, Jian’an Literature, Tongcheng School, Neo-Confucianism of Northern Song Dynasty and Huizhou Culture. It has nurtured a number of famous historical figures such as LaoTuz, Chuang Tuz, Guang Zhong, Cao Cao, Hua Tuo, Bao Zheng, Zhu Yuanzhang, Li Hongzhang and Hu Shi. Taoist School, originated in the Huaihe River basin, has constituted the two pillars of China’s traditional culture together with Confucianism. Huizhou Culture is the most influential cultural genre of the period in the Ming and Qing Dynasty. Huizhou Opera is one of the main origins of Peking Opera. Huangmei Opera is one of China’s four operas and Nuo Opera of Chizhou city is known as “the living fossil of drama” and the Flower-Drum, popular on both sides of Huaihe River, is known as “Oriental Ballet.”
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