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About Anhui

Population & Nationalities
[Population] By the end of 2018, the total number of permanent residents in Anhui was 63.236 million.
[Nationalities] Anhui is a province where ethnic minorities scatter. According to the Sixth National Census conducted in 2010, there are 395.6 thousand permanent residents of 55 ethnic minorities living in Anhui, accounting for 0.66 percent of the total population of the province. The Hui, Manchu and She have lived in the province for generations, among which, the Hui has the largest population.  There are 11 ethnic townships (farm or street), 135 ethnic villages and 122 ethnic primary or secondary schools.

The Hui is the ethnic minority with the largest population widely distributed in Anhui. The Hui people's settlement in the province can date back to the Tang and Song Dynasties. Its population grows as more immigrate. Today, most of them dwell in the north of the Huai River.

The Hui people are mainly engaged in catering, slaughtering and meet processing and leather manufacture.

The Hui people believe in Islam. They have the traditions to participate in activities such as attending the salat, reciting the Koran, fasting and making pilgrimages. Under the influence of the Islamic religion and their living environment, the Hui people in Anhui has developed unique customs concerning clothing, catering, dwelling, marriage, festival and etiquettes.

The Manchus came to settle in Anhui in the early years of the Ming Dynasty. At that time, a Wanyan clan of the Manchu nationality was dispatched by Hongwu Emperor, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, to defend Hefei in todays's Feidong. The clan has lived there since then. Therefore, Feidong County is the place where the Manchus of Anhui mainly reside.  
There are other Manchus immigrating into the province later and live in other places.
The She people immigrated into Anhui and settled in today's Ningguo County from Zhejiang after the fifth year during the reign of Guangxu Emperor (1879). The She people of the province mainly live in the county.  
The She people have developed their own language, but it has no written form. They own abundant oral literature including long ballads, novel songs and folk songs.