Lingjiatan Relics Site was unearthed at Lingjiatan Village in Hanshan County, Anhui Province in 1985; it covers an area of 1.6 million square meters and can date back more than 5,300 years. Since 1987, after five times of archaeological excavations of about 2,200 square meters, more than 1,300 articles including pottery, stoneware and jadeware have been unearthed from 66 tombs in the relics site.
A number of elaborated jade-wares have been excavated from this site that is really a great discovery in the archaeology of Neolithic Age in China. The excavation of a piece of quadrate jade and a jade tortoise at the same time, both carved with the ancient Eight Diagrams designs, conﬁrm the ancient record of the Eight Diagrams in Chinese history. The jade hawk with ring veins and octagon veins sculpted at the belly reﬂects ancestor’s primitive religious ideas. Due to the simple and vivid shape and the concise and living sculpture, the jade dragon is regarded as the ﬁrst jade dragon excavated in the nation. While the jade ﬁgurine is the perfect primitive ﬁgurine excavated for the ﬁrst time in the nation, which exhibits the elegant demeanor of the ancient people. The geographical environment and its reflection of the cultural characteristics and properties at Lingjiatan show it is a relatively independent developed archaeological culture in Chaohu Lake drainage area, verifying that Chaohu Lake drainage area is one of the cradles of Chinese culture.