Situated in southeast of the old city of Hefei, Lord Bao Park is established to commemorate Bao Zheng (999-1062), a famous minister of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).
The Park covers a total area of 30.5 hectares of which the water area is about 15 hectares. It has an open-air layout and mainly comprises the Temple of Lord Bao, Tomb of Lord Bao, Qingfeng Pavilion and Fuzhuang Yard.
Temple of Lord Bao
Located on Xianghuadun Islet in the Baohe River, the Temple of Lord Bao was originally a Buddhist temple where Lord Bao studied when he was young. It was renamed "Temple of Lord Bao" in 1539. Being the earliest memorial temple of its kind either at home or abroad, it was placed under the key protection of Anhui Province in 1961. The temple currently houses some valuable historic relics, including Lord Bao's figure in stone cut in the Qing Dynasty, Lord Bao's Genealogical Tree, Lord Bao's Family Regulations and Lord Bao's writing and painting.
Tomb of Lord Bao
The Tomb of Lord Bao on the southern bank of the picturesque Baohe River is the burial place of Bao Zheng, his wife and their offspring. The old cemetery is solemn and quiet.
Qingfeng Pavilion is adjacent to the Tomb of Lord Bao to the east and the Temple of Lord Bao to the west. It was built to mark the 1,000th anniversary of the birth of Bao Zheng so as to carry forward the incorruptible and impartial spirit of Lord Bao and publicize the time-honored culture of Anhui. The central Song-style building, 42 meters high, has nine floors. From the top of the pavilion, visitors can obtain a splendid view of the beauty of the park and Hefei city.
The Fuzhuang Yard stands on the Baohe River. Surrounded by water, it seems to actually float on the surface, hence its name which means a floating yard. Fuzhuang Yard, formerly known as Lord Bao's Academy, is a Huizhou-style garden complex, the best preserved in Hefei. Inside, we can find pavilions, artificial hills, flowers, numerous birds, waterfalls and luxuriant plants.
Bao Zheng (包拯; 11 April, 999–20 May, 1062), commonly known as Bao Gong (包公, "Lord Bao"), was a government officer during the reign of Emperor Renzong in ancient China's Song Dynasty. During his twenty five years in civil service, Bao consistently demonstrated extreme honesty and uprightness, with actions such as sentencing his own uncle, impeaching an uncle of Emperor Renzong's favourite concubine and punishing powerful families. His appointment from 1057 to 1058 as theprefect of Song's capital Kaifeng, where he initiated a number of changes to better hear the grievances of the people, made him a legendary figure.
Nicknamed "Clear Sky Bao" (包青天), Bao Zheng today is respected as the cultural symbol of justice in Greater China. His largely fictionalized gong'an and wuxia stories have appeared in a variety of different literary and dramatic mediums, and have enjoyed sustained popularity.
There is an ancient well named "Lianquan" (incorrupt spring) in the east of the Temple of Lord Bao. It's said that once a prefecture chief had a tour in the temple. It was hot that day, so he drank water from the well to quench his thirsty. However, after he drank the water, he suffered a bad headache. It turned out that he was a corrupt official. Hence, the well is named "Lianquan".