Situated in the middle reaches of the Huaihe River and in north-central Anhui Province, Huainan City is an important energy production base in China with an area of 5,533 km² and a population of 3.906 million people. Its jurisdiction covers Fengtai County, Shouxian County, Datong District, Tianjia’an District, Xiejiaji District, Bagongshan District and Panji District.
Huainan has a long history. As early as 5,000 years ago in the Neolithic Age, there were human ancestors living there. In the early Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD), the kingdom of Huainan came into existence. Liu’an, the king of Huainan in the Western Han Dynasty invited many talented scholars to compile books, among which is the classic Huainan Zi. He also invented bean curd. Bagongshan Bean Curd is famous all over the nation and the world at large. It has been exported to many countries including Japan and Korea since it tastes well and is good for health.
Huainan is rich in resources. With a prospective coal reserve of 50 billion tons, it is one of the country's 13 billion-ton coal bases. The rapid development of coal industry has boosted power industry in the city. Huainan is the cradle of China's power industry, with 6 major power generation enterprises and 28 generation units. It is the largest area with intensive electric power enterprises in Anhui Province and one of the six major coal and electricity bases in China.
Huainan now has 6 colleges and institutions for higher education, 6 state-level research institutions and key laboratories, and over 40 engineering and technology research centers and enterprise technology centers at provincial level.
Huainan has one national economic and technological development zone, one national high-tech development zone and seven provincial development zones. The city has developed its industry landscape with coal and electricity industry as the pillar ones, new coal chemical industry, modern equipment manufacturing and new generation of information technology with big data as the core, and modern service industry, photoelectric new energy, modern medicine, green organic agricultural product processing and tourism as new driving forces.