Anhui Province is located in the innermost of the Yangtze River Delta—China’s most economically dynamic region. It occupies the nation’s strategically important location of the economic development and adjoins the economically developed areas. Its unique geographical condition provides Anhui with an advantage for further development.
Resplendent culture comes from profound historical accretion and continuity. Anhui is a historic and unique province that can lay claim to centuries of continuous existence and profound cultural heritage. Anhui is the cradleland of some important Chinese cultures including Taoist culture that is indigenous to China and Neo-Confucianism that prevailed in the Northern Song Dynasty. The brilliant Hui Culture has helped to establish unique schools of thoughts and styles of various fields.
A considerable number of outstanding notables in literal circle were associated with it in history, especially, representatives of Jian’an Literature and Tongcheng School of Literature.
Peking Opera is known worldwide for its lively music, colorful costumes, and displays of acrobatic prowess. It actually originated from Anhui’s Hui Opera. Anhui local opera, Huangmei Opera, is not only popular among Chinese audience but also at tracts worldwide attention. Anhui is proud of its rich cultural heritage. It has produced many talents who eventually brought about prominent changes to the nation’s historical development through their valuable works. They include Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi, co-founders of Taoism, Hua Tuo, a genius physician of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Cao Cao, a stateman and strategist of the Three Kingdoms period, Zhu Yuanzhang who established the Ming Dynasty, Li Hongzhang who led the Westernization Movement, Chen Duxiu and Hu Shi who launched and led the modern New Culture Movement.
The magnificent scenery of the province highlights the natural landscape of China. Huangshan (sometimes called the Yellow Mountains) is known for its grandeur, magnificence, overwhelming beauty and tranquility throughout the world. It has been laureled three world-class glorious titles: World Heritage of Culture, World Heritage of Nature and World Geopark. Located in the south of Anhui Province, the ancient villages, Xidi and Hongcun were included in the Catalogue of the World Cultural Heritage by NUNESCO in 2000. Known as a Lotus Buddhist Kingdom, Mountain Jiuhua is one of the four the world’s Buddhist shrines in China. Through the ages, it is a holy place in the hearts of the world’s Buddhist and has become one of the most popular pilgrimage sites for Buddhists and ordinary tourists. Mount Tianzhu, a Zen Resort, is known for its magnificent scenery. Mount Qiyun that also enjoys a high reputation is a scenic resort perfectly integrating the beautiful natural landscape with the characteristics of Taoist culture. Considered as China’s mother river, the Yangtze River flows 400 km through Anhui where economy develops quickly. The Huaihe River runs across the central part of Anhui where China Central Plains Culture and Hui Culture converge.
Anhui has emerged as a new science and technology powerhouse that is crucial for the sustainability of its capacity for innovation and competitiveness of economic development. Anhui is implementing an in-depth innovation-driven development strategy and has significantly improved the ability of scientific and technological innovation and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
The province is vigorously promoting the construction of innovation platforms including Hefei Comprehensive National Science Center, Hefei Binhu Science City, Hefei-Wuhu-Bengbu National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone and Comprehensive Pilot Province of Innovation and Reform. Four innovation support systems for technology and industry, platforms and enterprises, finance and capitals, systems and policies have been established.
Anhui’s innovation capacity of science and technology has been furthered. The province’s transformation of scientific and technological achievements has been comprehensively promoted. The number of authorized invention patents per 10 thousand people reaches 7.7. A number of breakthroughs have been made in science frontier such as quantum information, thermonuclear fusion, steady-state high magnetic field, and iron-based super-conducting technology. Its regional innovation capacity has steadily ranked Anhui among national index leaders for the sixth consecutive year. The contribution of scientific and technological advances toward economic growth has come to reach 56 percent. Innovation has become the most powerful engine of economic expansion and the most distinctive feature of the times.
The advantage of the province’s inimitable geographic location enables almost all parts of Anhui to be benefited by the nations’ new development strategy. Anhui actively responds to the nation’s new round of reform and opening-up master plans. The development blueprint of the province’s four regions of the area of the Yangtze River in Anhui, Northern Anhui, Western Anhui and Southern Anhui have been all successfully upgraded to the nation’s strategy.
The province fully integrates itself into the nation’s “three major strategies.” The province’s eight cities along the Yangtze River have fully participated in the construction of the urban agglomeration in the Yangtze River Delta, known as the world’s sixth largest urban agglomeration. Hefei has become an associate central city of such a world-class urban agglomeration. It carries out solid cooperation with the countries and regions along “the Belt and Road” which aims at promoting Eurasian development and connectivity. Steady progress has been made in the construction of China-Germany Industrial Park and China-Singapore Suzhou-Chuzhou Industrial Park. Projects involving the cooperation between the areas along the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River and the Volga Federal District are underway extensively. Up to now, overseas companies out of the Global Top 500 locate 152 of their businesses in Anhui. Inbound investment grows at a rate of 13 percent annually.
The province abounds in science and technology resources. Anhui has strengthened continuously its infrastructure construction. It has gradually become one of the nation’s comprehensive transportation hubs. The evidence of Anhui’s occupying a regional strategic position in the nation is more and more prominent. It stands out increasingly in the role of the interconnection of “the Belt and Road” initiative and the Yangtze River Economic Belt.