[Topography] Anhui has a variety of landscapes. China's two important rivers, the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River, flow eastward across the south and the north of the province respectively, dividing its area into three natural regions.
(1) The region to the north of the Huaihe River is a vast plain with loamy soil.
(2) The region between the Huaihe River and the Yangtze River is a hilly terrain with rivers stretching crisscross and terraces strewing at random.
(3) The region to the south of the Yangtze River is a mountainous area with Huangshan (or the Yellow Mountains) and Mt. Jiuhua, as the representatives for their splendid scenery.
The Lotus Peak of the Mount. Huangshan
Famous mountains in Anhui are Mt. Dabie, Mt. Huangshan, Mt. Jiuhua, and Mt. Tianzhu. Huangshan, with Lotus Flower Peak as its highest point, rises to a height of 1,864 meters (6,100 feet) above mean sea level.
The Yangtze River flows 416 kilometers across the south of Anhui; the Huaihe River flows 430 kilometers across the north of the province; the Xin'an River, the headwaters of the Qiantang River, flows 240 kilometers across the south of Anhui.
The province also has a number of lakes along the tributaries of the Yangtze River; some are quite large, including Chaohu Lake, Longgan Lake and Nanyi Lake. With a total area of 800 square kilometers, the Chaohu Lake is one of the five greatest freshwater lakes in China.
[Climate] Anhui is situated between the temperate zones to the north and the subtropical zones of the south. All year round, Anhui has distinct seasons, abundant precipitation, and a pleasant climate.
The climate in the area north of the Huaihe River is warm-temperate semi-humid monsoon climate; the area south of the Huaihe River is subtropical humid monsoon climate.
The average annual temperature ranges from 14℃ to 17℃ (57 to 62 degrees Fahrenheit).
The sun shines an average of 1,800 to 2,500 hours per year.
Anhui has 200 to 250 frost-free days. The average annual precipitation is 800 to 1,800 millimeters (31 to 71 inches).